Theme: Impact of Mycology and Mushrooms in addressing ultimate global health challenges

Mycology 2017
Past Report of Mycology 2016

Mycology 2017

Conference Series LLC invites all the participants from all over the world to attend ‘2nd International Conference on Mycology & Mushrooms’ during September 25-26, 2017 in Chicago, USA, which includes prompt Keynote presentations, Oral talks, Poster presentations and Exhibitions.

In the line with 2nd International Conference on Mycology and Mushrooms, addressing the most recent advances across the spectrum of Mycology and Mushrooms research from basic sciences to public health. Conference highlights will include Fungal Diversity, Fungal Ecology, Fungal Biotechnology, Fungal Symbiosis (Lichens and Mycorrhizae), Pathogenic fungi and Fungal Infections, Bacterial-Fungal Interactions, Mycotoxins, Medical mycology, Industrial Mycology, Food Mycology, Mushrooms, Edible and Medicinal Mushrooms and Entrepreneur Investments Meet.

Conference Series LLC Organizes 300+ Conferences Every Year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific societies and Publishes 500+ Open access journals which contains over 50,000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Highlighting 2 days of scientific workshops, special sessions, speaker & poster sessions, and Industrial Expo.250+ attendees from all over the world.

Track-1 Fungal Diversity

Fungi are eukaryotic organisms which cannot produce their own energy and depend on enzymatic processes for metabolic activity to absorb nutrition. Its kingdom encompasses tremendous biological diversity, with members covering a wide range of lifestyles, forms, habitats, and sizes. Fungi includes thousands of lineages, from the mushroom forming fungi, to yeasts, rusts, smuts and moulds and have most indispensable ecological roles in decomposition processes, but are also involved in important symbiotic associations and are known to include noteworthy parasites. Recent estimates point to 1.5 million fungal species on the planet (hawks worth, 2001) of which only ~7% have been described (kirk et al, 2008). Furthermore, fungi assemble in very species-rich communities, making the full documentation of fungal diversity in targeted sites a particularly challenging task. Advances in molecular techniques have formed the base for a boost in studies concerning fungal diversity, and the fast development of next generation sequencing technologies promises further progress towards a more thorough understanding of fungal diversity and function. The current limited knowledge of fungal diversity and biology complicates an assessment of the conservation status of fungal species and has hindered the development of conservation tools and efforts. There have been, however, recent concerted efforts to bring fungi to conservation debates, such as the newly created society for the conservation of fungi.

International Conference on Microbial Ecology, Sept 18-20, 2017 Toronto, Canada; International Conference on Medical Parasitology and Zoology, October 17-19, 2016; 7th Annual Congress on Clinical Microbiology, August 28th-30th, 2017 Philadelphia; 2nd International Conference and Expo on Water Microbiology & Novel Technologies, August 28-30, 2017 Philadelphia, USA; Annual Conference on Antimicrobials and Drug Resistance August 24-25, 2017 Toronto; North American Mycological Association, International Mycological Association, North American Mycological Association, Minnesota Mycological Society, Yakima Valley Mushroom Society, Wisconsin  Mycological Society, New York Mycological Society, North American Mycological Association, International Mycological Association, North American Mycological Association, Minnesota Mycological Society, Yakima Valley Mushroom Society, Wisconsin  Mycological Society, New York Mycological Society Mycological Society of Toronto, Mycological Association of Washington, Mycological Society of San Francisco, Sonoma County Mycological Association.

Track-2 Fungal Ecology

Fungi occur in all type of environment on earth and plays vital roles in most ecosystems. These are the major decomposers along with bacteria in most terrestrial and some aquatic ecosystems, and therefore play a critical role in biogeochemical cycles and in many food webs play an essential role in nutrient cycling by degrading organic matters to inorganic molecules, which can then re-enter to different anabolic metabolic pathways in plants and other organisms. They cause many diseases in plants and animals, but they also have established mutualistic symbioses with a wide range of organisms: like cyanobacteria and green algae (in lichens), bryophytes, pteridophytes, gymnosperms and angiosperms (in mycorrhizas), and coleopteran, dipteran, homopteran, hymenopteran and isopteran insects. As parasites or pathogens they are well equipped to penetrate host organisms and to liberate spores that will effectively transmit them from one host to the next. These opportunistic heterotrophs have evolved hyphae to penetrate solid substrates, and spores for long‐range dispersal and many species produce toxic compounds called as mycotoxins, and these interactions can be mutualistic or antagonistic in nature, or damage to the host.

  • Population dynamics, adaptation and evolution
  • Role in ecosystem functioning
  • Nutrient cycling, decomposition and carbon allocation
  • Eco-physiology
  • Intra- and inter-specific mycelial interactions
  • Fungus-plant (pathogens, mycorrhizas, lichens, endophytes)
  • Fungus-invertebrate and fungus-microbe interaction;
  • Genomics and (evolutionary) genetics
  • Bioremediation and biodegradation

Related Conferences

International Conference on Microbial Ecology, Sept 18-20, 2017 Toronto, Canada; International Conference on Medical Parasitology and Zoology, October 17-19, 2016; 7th Annual Congress on Clinical Microbiology, August 28th-30th, 2017 Philadelphia; 2nd International Conference and Expo on Water Microbiology & Novel Technologies, August 28-30, 2017 Philadelphia, USA; Annual Conference on Antimicrobials and Drug Resistance August 24-25, 2017 Toronto; Wisconsin  Mycological Society, New York Mycological Society, North American Mycological Association, International Mycological Association, North American Mycological Association, Minnesota Mycological Society, Yakima Valley Mushroom Society, Wisconsin  Mycological Society, New York Mycological Society Mycological Society of Toronto, Mycological Association of Washington, Mycological Society of San Francisco, Sonoma County Mycological Association, The Southern Idaho Mycological Association, North American Mycological Societies, Society of America, Illinois Mycological Association, Canadian Mycological Associations, South Vancouver Island Mycological Society, Vancouver Mycological Society, Edmonton Mycological Society, Mycological Society of Toronto, Mycological Association of Washington, Mycological Society of San Francisco, Sonoma County Mycological Association, The Southern Idaho Mycological Association.

 

Track-3 Fungal Biotechnology

Most industrial processes used fungal cells for the bulk manufacturing of organic acids, proteins, enzymes, secondary metabolites and active pharmaceutical ingredients in white and red biotechnology. Fungi are also significantly impacting on global food security, damaging global crop production, causing disease in domesticated animals, and spoiling an estimated 10 % of harvested crops. A number of challenges now need to be addressed to improve our strategies to control fungal pathogenicity and to optimise the use of fungi as sources for novel compounds. Some of these products are produced commercially while others are potentially valuable in biotechnology. The secondary metabolites of fungi have extreme importance to health and nutrition and have tremendous economic impact. In addition to the multiple reaction sequences of fermentations, fungi are extremely useful in carrying out biotransformation processes. These are becoming essential to the fine-chemical industry in the production of single-isomer intermediates. rDNA technology, which includes yeasts and other fungi as hosts, has markedly increased markets for microbial enzymes. Molecular manipulations have been added to mutational techniques as a means of increasing yields of microbial processes and in the discovery of new drugs. Nowadays, fungal biology is a major contributor in global industry. Still, the finest is yet to come as genomes of new additional species have located and sequenced at some level (cDNA, complete genomes, and expressed sequence tags) and gene and protein arrays will become available.

Related conferences

International Conference on Microbial Ecology, Sept 18-20, 2017 Toronto, Canada; International Conference on Medical Parasitology and Zoology, October 17-19, 2016; 7th Annual Congress on Clinical Microbiology, August 28th-30th, 2017 Philadelphia; 2nd International Conference and Expo on Water Microbiology & Novel Technologies, August 28-30, 2017 Philadelphia, USA; Annual Conference on Antimicrobials and Drug Resistance August 24-25, 2017 Toronto; North American Mycological Association, International Mycological Association, North American Mycological Association, Minnesota Mycological Society, Yakima Valley Mushroom Society, Wisconsin  Mycological Society, New York Mycological Society, North American Mycological Association, International Mycological Association, North American Mycological Association, Minnesota Mycological Society, Yakima Valley Mushroom Society, Wisconsin  Mycological Society, New York Mycological Society Mycological Society of Toronto, Mycological Association of Washington, Mycological Society of San Francisco, Sonoma County Mycological Association

Track-4 Fungal Symbiosis (Lichens and Mycorrhizae)

Symbioses are the type of intimate associations which involves two or more species. Fungi have numerous symbioses involving many eukaryotes and prokaryotes. Symbioses are categorized according to the relative benefit or harm that the partners experience as a consequence of the interactions i.e. Parasitism or mutualism in the association. The categories given above are useful for conceptualizing the diversity of symbioses, but they oversimplify the nature of the interactions, especially mutualisms. Presently many ecologists and evolutionary biologists regard mutualisms and other symbioses as reciprocal parasitism.

Lichen - the appearance of lichens is plant-like which hides their true identity. It is not a single organism, but the result is mutualistic symbiosis between an alga or cyanobacteria and a fungus. Sometimes lichens are formed with three or more partners. The body of lichens consists of filaments (hyphae) of fungi, which surrounds the cells of blue-green cyanobacteria and/or green algae. The fungus lichen provides its partner a benefit by giving protection and in return it gains nutrients. Lichens can grow in a wide range of shapes and is usually determined according to the organization of the fungal filaments. The fungus part of lichen benefits from the algae or cyanobacteria as they produce food by photosynthesis. It grows in a wide range of substrates and habitats. Lichens classifications done based on the fungal component present in it. Its species are given the same binomial name according to the fungus species. Some lichens also have antibiotic properties and some of the acids produced by lichens are utilized in drugs that can be more effective than penicillin.

Mycorrhizae – this association is between fungi and plant roots, where the fungi derive photosynthetic sugars from the plants, and they assist the plant by facilitating the uptake of mineral nutrients and water. Approximately 70-80% of all plants have mycorrhizae. There are two major forms of mycorrhizae.

  • Ectomycorrhizae are formed primarily by basidiomycetes (about 5000 species), and also a few ascomycetes. A sheath of hyphae called a mantle envelops the plant root and hyphae penetrate into the cortex. These symbioses involve mostly forest trees, including oaks, birches, willows, pines, dipterocarps, and eucalypts. Many choice edible fungi are ectomycorrhizal.
  • Arbuscular mycorrhizae are formed by zygomycetes called glomales (150 species). Although there are relatively few known species of glomales, these symbioses are extremely widespread, involving roughly 70% of plants, including many herbaceous plants. Here the fungal hyphae penetrate into the cells of the root cortex, where they produce characteristic branched structures called arbuscules.

 

  • Mutualist dynamics
  • Symbiosis in lichens
  • Cyanolichens
  • Occurrence of mycorrhizal associations
  • Types of mycorrhizas

Track-5 Pathogenic Fungi and Fungal Infections

Pathogenic fungi cause disease in humans and in other organisms, which is called as fungal pathogenesis. This is particularly true of fungal pathogenesis that there is no single factor that causes or permits these organisms to be agents of diseases that range from superficial to invasive diseases in plant, animal, and human. Fungal pathogens can be divided into two general classes’ primary pathogens and opportunistic pathogens. The basic mechanism of fungal pathogenicity is its ability to adapt to the tissue environment and to withstand the lytic activity of the host's cellular defences. In general, the development of human mycoses is related primarily to the immunological status of the host and environmental exposure, rather than to the infecting organism. A small number of fungi have the ability to cause infections in normal healthy humans by (1) having a unique enzymatic capacity, (2) exhibiting thermal dimorphism and (3) by having an ability to block the cell-mediated immune defences of the host. There are then many "opportunistic" fungi which cause infections almost exclusively in debilitated patients whose normal defence mechanisms are impaired. The organisms involved are cosmopolitan fungi which have a very low inherent virulence. Currently, there has been a dramatic increase in fungal infections of this type, in particular candidiasis, cryptococcosis, aspergillosis, and zygomycosis. More recently described mycoses of this category include hyalohyphomycosis and phaeohyphomycosis. Altogether, some 200 "human pathogens" have been recognized from among an estimated 1.5 million species of fungi.

The superficial mycoses -these are superficial cosmetic fungal infections of the skin or hair shaft. No living tissue is invaded and there is no cellular response from the host. Essentially no pathological changes are elicited.

Dermatophytosis - ringworm or tinea - ringworm of scalp, glabrous skin, and nails caused by a closely related group of fungi known as dermatophytes which have the ability to utilize keratin as a nutrient source, i.e. they have a unique enzymatic capacity - keratinase.

There are 3 types of dermatophyrosis are there

Geophilic dermatophytosis normally inhabits the soil.
Zoophilic dermatophytes are primarily parasitic on animals. Infections may be transmitted to man. Anthropophilic dermatophytes are primarily parasitic on man and have only rarely been known to infect animals.

The subcutaneous mycoses - these are chronic, localized infections of the skin and subcutaneous tissue following the traumatic implantation of the aetiologic agent.
Examples- sporotrichosis, chromoblastomycosis, mycetoma.

Infectious disease mycology - these are fungal infections of the body caused by dimorphic fungal pathogens which can overcome the physiological and cellular defences of the normal human host by changing their morphological form.

  •  Dermatophytosis
  •  Histoplasmosis
  •  Coccidioidomycosis
  •  Candidiasis
  •  Cryptococcosis
  •  Zygomycosis (mucormycosis)
  •  Aspergillosis
  •  Hyalohyphomycosis
  •  Phaeohyphomycosis
  •  Sporotrichosis
  •  Chromoblastomycosis
  •   Mycetoma

Related conferences

International Conference on Microbial Ecology, Sept 18-20, 2017 Toronto, Canada; International Conference on Medical Parasitology and Zoology, October 17-19, 2016; 7th Annual Congress on Clinical Microbiology, August 28th-30th, 2017 Philadelphia; 2nd International Conference and Expo on Water Microbiology & Novel Technologies, August 28-30, 2017 Philadelphia, USA; Annual Conference on Antimicrobials and Drug Resistance August 24-25, 2017 Toronto; North American Mycological Association, International Mycological Association, North American Mycological Association, Minnesota Mycological Society, Yakima Valley Mushroom Society, Wisconsin  Mycological Society, New York Mycological Society, North American Mycological Association, International Mycological Association, North American Mycological Association, Minnesota Mycological Society, Yakima Valley Mushroom Society, Wisconsin  Mycological Society, New York Mycological Society Mycological Society of Toronto, Mycological Association of Washington, Mycological Society of San Francisco, Sonoma County Mycological Association

Track-6 Bacterial-Fungal Interactions

Bacterial and fungal interactions can form a range of physical associations that depend on various modes of molecular communication for their development and functioning. Physical complexes between bacteria and fungi are found in many distinct environments, such as the lungs of cystic fibrosis patients, the human oral cavity, the production of foods such as cheese, wine, tempeh, and sourdough and agricultural and forest environments. The combination of physical associations and molecular interactions between bacteria and fungi can result in a variety of different outcomes for each partner. In turn, these changes may affect the influence of the bacterial-fungal complex. Consequences of bacterial-fungal interactions have profound consequences for both organisms and changes in the bacterial and fungal partners' physiology, life cycles, and survival. Applications of BIFs found in various biological fields i.e. Food processing, fermentation and brewing, cheese ripening, bioremediation of pollutants, natural product discovery and synthetic biology. Mixed bacterial-fungal communities play a key role in determining the taste, quality, and safety of a wide range of foods, like wine production, cheese manufacture involves complex microbial ecosystems where BIFs play a central role.

  • Physical complexes between bacteria and fungi
  • Molecular interactions
  • Consequences of BIFs
  • Applications of BIFs
  • Effects on environment, food, and medicine
  • Medically important bacterial-fungal interactions
  • Pathogens to mutualistic endosymbiosis

Related Conferences

International Conference on Microbial Ecology, Sept 18-20, 2017 Toronto, Canada; International Conference on Medical Parasitology and Zoology, October 17-19, 2016; 7th Annual Congress on Clinical Microbiology, August 28th-30th, 2017 Philadelphia; 2nd International Conference and Expo on Water Microbiology & Novel Technologies, August 28-30, 2017 Philadelphia, USA; Annual Conference on Antimicrobials and Drug Resistance August 24-25, 2017 Toronto; Wisconsin  Mycological Society, New York Mycological Society, North American Mycological Association, International Mycological Association, North American Mycological Association, Minnesota Mycological Society, Yakima Valley Mushroom Society, Wisconsin  Mycological Society, New York Mycological Society Mycological Society of Toronto, Mycological Association of Washington, Mycological Society of San Francisco, Sonoma County Mycological Association, The Southern Idaho Mycological Association, North American Mycological Societies, Society of America, Illinois Mycological Association, Canadian Mycological Associations, South Vancouver Island Mycological Society, Vancouver Mycological Society, Edmonton Mycological Society, Mycological Society of Toronto, Mycological Association of Washington, Mycological Society of San Francisco, Sonoma County Mycological Association, The Southern Idaho Mycological Association.

Track-7 Mycotoxins

Mycotoxins are the secondary metabolites that are produced by filamentous fungi. It is capable of causing disease and death in humans and other animals. Because of their pharmacological activity, some mycotoxins or mycotoxin derivatives have found use as antibiotics, growth promotants, and other kinds of drugs; still others have been implicated as chemical warfare agents. This review focuses on the most important ones associated with human and veterinary diseases, including aflatoxin, citrinin, ergot akaloids, fumonisins, ochratoxin a, patulin, trichothecenes, and zearalenone.

Mycoses are the best-known diseases of fungal etiology, but toxic secondary metabolites produced by saprophytic species are also an important health hazard. The term mycotoxin is an artificial rubric used to describe pharmacologically active mold metabolites characterized by vertebrate toxicity. Mycotoxins generally enter the body via ingestion of contaminated foods, but inhalation of toxigenic spores and direct dermal contact are also important routes.

  • Mycoses and mycotoxicoses
  • Definitions, etymology, and general principles
  • Toxicology and human health
  • Aflatoxins
  • Citrinin
  • Ergot alkaloids
  • Fumonisins
  • Patulin
  • Trichothecenes
  • Zearalenone

Related conferences

International Conference on Microbial Ecology, Sept 18-20, 2017 Toronto, Canada; International Conference on Medical Parasitology and Zoology, October 17-19, 2016; 7th Annual Congress on Clinical Microbiology, August 28th-30th, 2017 Philadelphia; 2nd International Conference and Expo on Water Microbiology & Novel Technologies, August 28-30, 2017 Philadelphia, USA; Annual Conference on Antimicrobials and Drug Resistance August 24-25, 2017 Toronto; North American Mycological Association, International Mycological Association, North American Mycological Association, Minnesota Mycological Society, Yakima Valley Mushroom Society, Wisconsin  Mycological Society, New York Mycological Society, North American Mycological Association, International Mycological Association, North American Mycological Association, Minnesota Mycological Society, Yakima Valley Mushroom Society, Wisconsin  Mycological Society, New York Mycological Society Mycological Society of Toronto, Mycological Association of Washington, Mycological Society of San Francisco, Sonoma County Mycological Association

Track-8 Medical Mycology

Medical mycology is the study of fungal infections. In immune-compromised hosts systemic fungal infections are usually seen. Systemic fungal infections lead to pulmonary infections. Fungal infections are usually seen on skin, nails, and hair. Common fungal infections are intertrigo, thrush, and pityriasis versicolor, athlete’s foot, nail infections, ring worm of the body, ring worm of the groin.

  • Fungal pathogens
  • Fungal infections
  • Fungi associated with human or animal disease
  • Epidemiology and public health mycology
  • Pharmacology and antifungal susceptibilities
  • Vaccinology for prevention of fungal infections
  • Molecular biology of pathogenic fungi

Related Conferences

International Conference on Microbial Ecology, Sept 18-20, 2017 Toronto, Canada; International Conference on Medical Parasitology and Zoology, October 17-19, 2016; 7th Annual Congress on Clinical Microbiology, August 28th-30th, 2017 Philadelphia; 2nd International Conference and Expo on Water Microbiology & Novel Technologies, August 28-30, 2017 Philadelphia, USA; Annual Conference on Antimicrobials and Drug Resistance August 24-25, 2017 Toronto; North American Mycological Association, International Mycological Association, North American Mycological Association, Minnesota Mycological Society, Yakima Valley Mushroom Society, Wisconsin  Mycological Society, Mycological Society of San Francisco, Sonoma County Mycological Association, The Southern Idaho Mycological AssociationSociety of America, Illinois Mycological Association, Canadian Mycological Associations, South Vancouver Island Mycological Society, Vancouver Mycological Society, Edmonton Mycological Society, Mycological Society of Toronto, Mycological Association of Washington, Mycological Society of San Francisco, Sonoma County Mycological Association, The Southern Idaho Mycological Association.

Track-9 Industrial Mycology

Filamentous fungi are used by industry for manufacture of a large variety of useful products, all for the benefit of humankind. The products include metabolites, enzymes and food. Fungal cells can grow at different environmental conditions and environmental diversity. The chemical and physical conditions used for fungal propagation which depends up on fungal genetics and biology will have a great impact on the capability of these cells to accumulate the desired product(s). Fungi have high importance in the pharmaceutical and agrochemical industries due to the diverse bioactive metabolites produced by these organisms. Since the treatment of bacterial infections using partially purified penicillin century ago, bioactive fungal metabolites have strongly influenced the development of the modern pharmaceutical and agrochemical industries. Mevinolin, cyclosporine A, β-lactam antibiotics, pneumocandins, ergotamine, strobilurins, and mycophenolic acid are examples of revolutionary pharmaceuticals and agrochemicals that have a fungal origin In spite of the success of bioactive fungal metabolites as pharmaceuticals and agrochemicals, fungi remain an essentially untapped source of medicines because only a small fraction of the vast fungal kingdom has been explored for bioactive metabolite production. The potential for discovering new bioactive metabolites from fungi is unlimited. The industrial discovery of bioactive fungal metabolites is a complex, integrated, but somewhat empirical process. However, recent advances in the genetics of microbial secondary metabolite biosynthesis, genomics, and metabolic engineering will play an ever-increasing role in facilitating fungal bioactive metabolites discovery.

Related Conferences

International Conference on Microbial Ecology, Sept 18-20, 2017 Toronto, Canada; International Conference on Medical Parasitology and Zoology, October 17-19, 2016; 7th Annual Congress on Clinical Microbiology, August 28th-30th, 2017 Philadelphia; 2nd International Conference and Expo on Water Microbiology & Novel Technologies, August 28-30, 2017 Philadelphia, USA; Annual Conference on Antimicrobials and Drug Resistance August 24-25, 2017 Toronto; Wisconsin  Mycological Society, New York Mycological Society, North American Mycological Association, International Mycological Association, North American Mycological Association, Minnesota Mycological Society, Yakima Valley Mushroom Society, Wisconsin  Mycological Society, New York Mycological Society Mycological Society of Toronto, Mycological Association of Washington, Mycological Society of San Francisco, Sonoma County Mycological Association, The Southern Idaho Mycological Association, North American Mycological Societies, Society of America, Illinois Mycological Association, Canadian Mycological Associations, South Vancouver Island Mycological Society, Vancouver Mycological Society, Edmonton Mycological Society, Mycological Society of Toronto, Mycological Association of Washington, Mycological Society of San Francisco, Sonoma County Mycological Association, The Southern Idaho Mycological Association.

Track-10 Food Mycology

The presence of fungi in food has been both advantage and problems to food stores. Fungi can spoil large quantities of food and produce dangerous toxins that threaten human health; however, fungal spoilage in certain foods can produce a unique, highly prized food source and there are some very effective fungal derived medicines. A thorough understanding of the vast body of knowledge relating to food mycology requires an inclusive volume that covers both the beneficial and detrimental roles of fungi in our food supply. These include food groups such as bakery products, dairy products, beverages (e.g. fruit juices), dried fruits and nuts, and confectionary. Fungi can also present health risks by the production of specific toxic agents called mycotoxins, which are often poorly understood, but are being increasingly recognised as agents of both acute and chronic toxicity in humans and animals. This creates an opportunity in research towards the fungi and yeasts, and the problems they can cause in foods, in terms of spoilage and health effects. It will present a balanced view of the importance of these agents in the context of the modern food industry.

  • The impact of Climate changes on Food security and Food safety
  • Mycotoxin production in foods
  • Predictive models for fungal growth
  • Techniques for detection and eradication of fungi including real-time PCR
  • Food ecology and the association of certain fungal species with specific food products
  • Standardise methods for isolation, enumeration and identification of fungi in foods

Related conferences

International Conference on Microbial Ecology, Sept 18-20, 2017 Toronto, Canada; International Conference on Medical Parasitology and Zoology, October 17-19, 2016; 7th Annual Congress on Clinical Microbiology, August 28th-30th, 2017 Philadelphia; 2nd International Conference and Expo on Water Microbiology & Novel Technologies, August 28-30, 2017 Philadelphia, USA; Annual Conference on Antimicrobials and Drug Resistance August 24-25, 2017 Toronto; North American Mycological Association, International Mycological Association, North American Mycological Association, Minnesota Mycological Society, Yakima Valley Mushroom Society, Wisconsin  Mycological Society, New York Mycological Society, North American Mycological Association, International Mycological Association, North American Mycological Association, Minnesota Mycological Society, Yakima Valley Mushroom Society, Wisconsin  Mycological Society, New York Mycological Society Mycological Society of Toronto, Mycological Association of Washington, Mycological Society of San Francisco, Sonoma County Mycological Association

Track-11 Mushrooms

The mushroom is a spore-bearing, fleshy fruiting body of a fungus, which grows above ground on soil or on organic food source. The most important microscopic feature for identification of mushrooms is the spores. Their colour, shape, size, attachment, and its reaction to chemical tests often can be the crux of identification. Most are basidiomycetes and gilled. Their spores, called basidiospores, are produced on the gills and fall in a fine rain of powder from under the caps as a result. Mushrooms are the fruit bodies of members of the order agaricales, whose type genus is agaricus and type species is the field mushroom, agaricus campestris. However, in modern molecularly defined classifications, not all members of the order agaricales produce mushroom fruit bodies, and many other gilled fungi, collectively called mushrooms, occur in other orders of the class agaricomycetes. A mushroom develops from a nodule, or pinhead, less than two millimetres in diameter, called a primordium, which is typically found on or near the surface of the substrate. It is formed within the mycelium, the mass of threadlike hyphae that make up the fungus. The primordium enlarges into a roundish structure of interwoven hyphae roughly resembling an egg, called a "button". Many species of mushrooms seemingly appear overnight, growing or expanding rapidly. In reality all species of mushrooms take several days to form primordial mushroom fruit bodies, though they do expand rapidly by the absorption of fluids. There are many number of mushroom species are favoured for eating by mushroom hunters. But some species have poisonous effects; although some resemble few edible species, consuming them could be hazardous. Like amanita, are the most toxic mushrooms known at present having mycotoxins. Within the main body of mushrooms, in the agaricales, are common fungi like fairy-ring mushroom, shiitake, enoki, oyster mushrooms, fly agarics and other amanitas, magic mushrooms. An atypical mushroom is the lobster mushroom, which is a deformed, by the mycoparasitic ascomycete hypomyces lactifluorum. Some are having pores underneath, others have spines. Thus, the term is more one of the common application used for macroscopic fungal fruiting bodies than one having precise taxonomic meaning. Till now approximately 14,000 species of mushrooms are described.

Mushroom cultivation is increasingly becoming popular because it not only meets the dietary requirements but also adds to the income, especially of growers with insufficient land. Nowadays, mushroom cultivation faces fewer difficulties provided the grower will follow simple rules of growing. It is really amazing that a small quantity of spawn when planted in suitable growing medium can, within almost six weeks, grow into a highly profitable crop inside a room, where no other crop would grow. Moreover, mushrooms have more uses in modern culinary cuisine than any other food crop. Mushroom cultivation is carried out indoor in any room, shed, basement, garage, etc. This should be well ventilated. However, paddy straw mushroom can be grown outside in shady places also.

 

Related Conferences

International Conference on Microbial Ecology, Sept 18-20, 2017 Toronto, Canada; International Conference on Medical Parasitology and Zoology, October 17-19, 2016; 7th Annual Congress on Clinical Microbiology, August 28th-30th, 2017 Philadelphia; 2nd International Conference and Expo on Water Microbiology & Novel Technologies, August 28-30, 2017 Philadelphia, USA; Annual Conference on Antimicrobials and Drug Resistance August 24-25, 2017 Toronto; Wisconsin  Mycological Society, New York Mycological Society, North American Mycological Association, International Mycological Association, North American Mycological Association, Minnesota Mycological Society, Yakima Valley Mushroom Society, Wisconsin  Mycological Society, New York Mycological Society Mycological Society of Toronto, Mycological Association of Washington, Mycological Society of San Francisco, Sonoma County Mycological Association, The Southern Idaho Mycological Association, North American Mycological Societies, Society of America, Illinois Mycological Association, Canadian Mycological Associations, South Vancouver Island Mycological Society, Vancouver Mycological Society, Edmonton Mycological Society, Mycological Society of Toronto, Mycological Association of Washington, Mycological Society of San Francisco, Sonoma County Mycological Association, The Southern Idaho Mycological Association.

Track-12 Edible and Medicinal Mushrooms

Edible mushrooms are the fleshy fruit bodies of several species of macro-fungi. They can appear either below ground or above ground where they may be picked by hand. Edibility may be defined by criteria that include absence of poisonous effects on humans and desirable taste and aroma. Mushrooms play extremely important roles in the ecosystem, and some are famously delicious. Some are also famously deadly. In recent years has focused on various immunological and anti-cancer properties of certain mushrooms, they also offer other potentially important health benefits, including antioxidants, anti-hypertensive and cholesterol-lowering properties, liver protection, as well as anti-inflammatory, anti-diabetic, anti-viral and anti-microbial properties. These properties have attracted the interest of many pharmaceutical companies, which are viewing the medicinal mushroom as a rich source of innovative biomedical molecules. Some important and popular medicinal mushroom varieties: Coriolus versicolor (Turkey Tails), Ganoderma lucidum (Reishi), Agaricus blazei (common name Himematsutake), Polyporus umbellatus (common name Zhu Ling), Hericium erinaceus (Lion’s Mane). Medicinal mushrooms like maitake, shiitake, reishi, oyster and chaga mushrooms can boost health when cooked and eaten or taken as a supplement. We may not think of mushrooms as herbs, many of the world’s more than 38,000 species of mushrooms have medicinal uses. For their own protection, fungi have developed an arsenal of medicinal compounds with antibacterial and antiviral properties. The first antibiotic, penicillin, was discovered in the Penicillin rubens mold. Ganomycin, a powerful modern antibiotic, comes from Reishi mushrooms. Mushrooms contain disease-busting polysaccharides, glycoproteins, ergosterols, triterpenoids, and immune-boosting chemicals. Agarikon mushrooms have antiviral properties against H1N1 swine flu and H5N1 bird flu. Trametes versicolor, a type of turkey tail mushroom containing the protein-bound polysaccharide extracts PSK and PSP, can increase natural killer cell activity and increase T helper lymphocytes useful in complementary treatment of cancer. They can also be used to bolster a declining immune system during aging.

Top Medicinal Mushrooms

  • Reishi (Ganoderma lucidum)
  • Mitake (Grifola frondosa)
  • Agarikon (Laricifomes officinalis)
  • Coliolus (Trametes versicolor)
  • Shitake (Lentinula edodes)

Most of the edible mushrooms contain.

  • Fiber
  • Potassium
  • Protein
  • Selenium (an important antioxidant)
  • L-ergothioneine (another powerful antioxidant)
  • Copper (needed for cardiovascular health)
  • Niacin (an important B vitamin)
  • Cancer-fighting ingredients (polysaccharides, linoleic acid)
  • Zinc

 

Related Conferences

International Conference on Microbial Ecology, Sept 18-20, 2017 Toronto, Canada; International Conference on Medical Parasitology and Zoology, October 17-19, 2016; 7th Annual Congress on Clinical Microbiology, August 28th-30th, 2017 Philadelphia; 2nd International Conference and Expo on Water Microbiology & Novel Technologies, August 28-30, 2017 Philadelphia, USA; Annual Conference on Antimicrobials and Drug Resistance August 24-25, 2017 Toronto; Wisconsin  Mycological Society, New York Mycological Society, North American Mycological Association, International Mycological Association, North American Mycological Association, Minnesota Mycological Society, Yakima Valley Mushroom Society, Wisconsin  Mycological Society, New York Mycological Society Mycological Society of Toronto, Mycological Association of Washington, Mycological Society of San Francisco, Sonoma County Mycological Association, The Southern Idaho Mycological Association, North American Mycological Societies, Society of America, Illinois Mycological Association, Canadian Mycological Associations, South Vancouver Island Mycological Society, Vancouver Mycological Society, Edmonton Mycological Society, Mycological Society of Toronto, Mycological Association of Washington, Mycological Society of San Francisco, Sonoma County Mycological Association, The Southern Idaho Mycological Association.

Summary: Mycology 2017 welcomes attendees, presenters, and exhibitors from all over the world to Chicago, USA. We are delighted to invite you all to attend and register for the “2nd International Conference on Mycology and Mushrooms” which is going to be held during Sep 25-26, 2017 at Chicago, USA. The organizing committee is gearing up for an exciting and informative conference program including plenary lectures, symposia, workshops on a variety of topics, poster presentations and various programs for participants from all over the world. We invite you to join us at the Mycology-2017, where you will be sure to have a meaningful experience with scholars from around the world. All the members of Mycology 2017 organizing committee look forward to meet you at Chicago, USA.

For more details, please visit: http://mycology.conferenceseries.com/

In the new bioeconomy, fungi play a very important role in addressing major global challenges, being instrumental for improved resource efficiency, making renewable substitutes for products from fossil resources, upgrading waste streams to valuable food and feed ingredients, counteracting life-style diseases and antibiotic resistance through strengthening the gut biota, making crop plants more robust to survive climate change conditions, and functioning as host organisms for production of new biological drugs.

This range of new uses of fungi all stand on the shoulders of the efforts of mycologists over generations: the scientific discipline mycology has built comprehensive understanding within fungal biodiversity, classification, evolution, genetics, physiology, ecology, pathogenesis, and nutrition. Applied mycology could not make progress without this platform. To unfold the full potentials of what fungi can do for both environment and man we need to strengthen the field of mycology on a global scale.

Why Chicago?

Mycology 2017 is going to held in Chicago, a city in the U.S. state of Illinois, is the third most populous city in the United States and the most populous city in the American Midwest, with approximately 2.7 million residents. Its metropolitan area (also called "Chicago land"), which extends into Indiana and Wisconsin, is the third-largest in the United States, after those of New York City and Los Angeles, with an estimated 9.8 million people. Chicago is the county seat of Cook County, though a small portion of the city limits also extends into Du Page County.

Chicago was incorporated as a city in 1837, near a portage between the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River watershed. Today, Chicago is listed as an alpha+ global city by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network, and ranks seventh in the world in the 2012 Global Cities Index. The city is an international hub for finance, commerce, industry, telecommunications, and transportation, with O'Hare International Airport being the second-busiest airport in the world in terms of traffic movements.

In 2012, Chicago hosted 46.2 million international and domestic visitors. Among metropolitan areas, Chicago has the fourth-largest gross domestic product (GDP) in the world, just behind Tokyo, New York City, and Los Angeles, and ranking ahead of London and Paris. Chicago is one of the most important Worldwide Centers of Commerce and trade.

Chicago's notability has found expression in numerous forms of popular culture, including novels, plays, films, and songs. The city has many nicknames, which reflect the impressions and opinions about historical and contemporary Chicago. The best-known include "Windy City" and "Second City. Mycology 2017 Conference at Chicago will certainly give a wonderful experience to attendees to explore the beautiful city with gaining knowledge.

Conference Highlights

  1. Fungal Diversity
  2. Fungal Ecology
  3. Fungal Biotechnology
  4. Fungal Identification and quantification
  5. Fungal Symbiosis (Lichens and Mycorrhizae)
  6. Pathogenic fungi
  7. Fungal Infections
  8. Bacterial-Fungal Interactions
  9. Mycotoxins
  10. Medical mycology
  11. Industrial Mycology
  12. Food Mycology
  13. Mushrooms Identification and quantification
  14. Mushroom Science and Technology
  15. Edible and Medicinal Mushrooms
  16. Entrepreneur Investments Meet

Target Audience:

  • Undergraduate and Graduate Students
  • Lecturers
  • Research Scholars
  • Associate Professors
  • Scientists
  • Professors
  • Deans and Directors
  • President and chairof Associations and Societies
  • Industrialists
  • Pharmaceutical Industries
  • Healthcare Industries

Market Analysis:

The global market for human antifungal therapeutics reached nearly $11.6 billion in 2012 and $11.8 billion in 2013. This market is expected to grow to nearly $13.9 billion in 2018 with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 3.2% over the five-year period from 2013 to 2018. Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2012, estimates for 2013, and projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2018.

Antifungal Drugs: Technologies and Global Markets

 

 

Digital Pathology: Technologies and Global Markets

Mycology 2016

Past Reports  Gallery  

Key Topics

  • Detection and Eradication of Fungi Including Real-Time PCR
  • Edible and Toxic Mushrooms
  • Epidemiology and Public Health Mycology
  • Food Mycology
  • Fungal Biodiversity and Systematic
  • Fungal Classification
  • Fungal Diseases
  • Fungal Infections
  • Fungal Leaching
  • Fungal Metabolites
  • Fungal Pathogens
  • Fungal Symbiosis
  • Fungal Use in Control of Pests and Pathogens
  • Fungi Associated With Human or Animal Disease
  • Fungi in Waste Treatment
  • Fungus and Synthetic Biology
  • Genetic Engineering of Filamentous Fungi
  • Lichen
  • Marine Mycotechnology
  • Medically Important Bacterial-Fungal Interactions
  • Medicinal Mushrooms
  • Molecular Biology of Pathogenic Fungi
  • Molecular Interactions
  • Molecular Phylogeny of Fungi
  • Mushroom Production Technology
  • Mushrooms Etymology and Morphology
  • Mushrooms Identification and Classification
  • Mycorrhizas
  • Pathogens to Mutualistic Endosymbiosis
  • Pharmacology and Antifungal Susceptibilities
  • Physical Complexes between Bacteria and Fungi
  • Psychoactive Mushrooms

Click here to submit abstract to any of the above topics

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To Collaborate Scientific Professionals around the World

Conference Date September 25-26, 2017
Sponsors & Exhibitors Click here for Sponsorship Opportunities
Speaker Opportunity
Poster Opportunity Available

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